ENGLISH COMP II You’ve read information on how to integrate sources—now let’s


You’ve read information on how to integrate sources—now let’s give it a try! Like before, we’ll take this one step at a time to ensure you have the support you need to use sources to support your argument.

Return to the key points that you wrote out in your Writing Plan from Module 3. If you have changed your mind about one of your key points, update and save that information now. Choose one of these points you want to strengthen using the research you’ve already conducted in CQ Researcher – SAGE, Academic Search Ultimate, Opposing Viewpoints in Context – Gale, another library database, or online. Then follow the prompts below to practice integration.

We’ll be using the PIE method of source integration for guidance, so feel free to look back over that material.


1. Review your sources and select a source that will support a key point in your essay.

2. In 1-2 sentences, clearly state what the point is that you are trying to make in this particular section of your project.

3. What information from the source you selected in step 1 supports this point? You may quote or summarize that source below.

4. Explain how the information provided in question three supports your point. How does this information also support the overall argument in your essay?

The PIE Method

At times it can be difficult to know what information from your sources to include in your paper. The PIE method can help you make decisions about how to structure your writing to make sure you are providing enough evidence at the appropriate times. The following graphic describes the PIE method of paragraph formatting.

The following sample paragraph is constructed according to the PIE method and includes an integrated quotation. (This example follows MLA formatting guidelines.) Click on each of the highlighted areas below to read more about how that piece of the paragraph contributes to a well integrated citation.

In “Examining the Business Impact of Owner Commitment to Sustainability,” Beheiry et al. explain that their experiment suggested that companies that were more committed to all three pillars of sustainable business practices—social development, environmental sustainability, and economic development—were more likely to see projects coming in under budget and on schedule. The authors claim that this is important because, as they write, “the historical tendency to focus on environmental sustainability overaligned SD [sustainable development], with the green movement and alienated the business executives” (Beheiry et al. 384). The authors argue that the reason many companies are slow to embrace sustainable practices is that there is no relevant business case to persuade those in charge that sustainability will increase value to shareholders. The results of this experiment may be used to support the idea that sustainability can reduce costs, which might encourage business owners to adopt sustainable management practices.

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