The Indian society and economy have suffered human and financial losses as a result of poor safety records in the Construction industry which has been far from achieving a Zero-injury goal. Thus, effective safety management systems are critical ongoing efforts to improve safety. Worker’s health and safety is the most important area in need of improvements within the construction domain despite the advancements in technological applications of robust occupational health and safety management systems.
Health and safety are one of the most important considerations we should take before any construction project gets underway. The construction industry has considering high-risk, and it involves dangerous and challenging activities, such as excavation, the erection of steel, and working at different heights. An SMS refers to a comprehensive system designed to manage its safety elements in the workplace.
It includes policy, objectives, plans, procedures, organizations, responsibilities, and other safety improvement measures. A hazard is a kind of danger that can occur in any period of time. Many of those who work in construction confront dangerous working environments and exploitative work practices. The role of health and safety is to address both the physical and psychological well-being of workers on construction sites and other persons whose health is likely to be adversely affected by construction activities.
Safety management must be thorough, and it has been applied to all aspects of the job, from the starting phase of estimation to the project until the last worker has left the premise at the completion of the project. Safety is very vital in the construction industry because it is a high-hazard industry that consists of residential construction, alteration, repairing, bridge erection, roadway paving, excavation, demolition, waterproofing, large-scale painting commissioning, de-commissioning, dismantling, and fitting out. Establishing a risk-free work site and reducing environmental pollution are important aspects of the system.
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